Wednesday, May 1, 1996

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  • AFFIRMATIVE ACTION

    AFFIRMATIVE ACTION promises to be a central issue in the 1996 presidential and congressional campaigns. Senator Bob Dole and Representative Charles Canady (R-FL) have cosponsored legislation to end affirmative action in federal hiring and contracting. California is the state at the forefront of the anti-affirmative action movement in the U.S.; a measure called the CCRI on the November ballot aims to wipe out state affirmative action programs. Tuesday, two Senate committee held hearings on affirmative action: the Labor and Human Resources Committee and the Judiciary Committee. California Governor Pete Wilson and University of California Regent Ward Connerly testified at Judiciary, where they were challenged by the only African American in the Senate: Democrat Carol Moseley Braun of Illinois.

  • U.S. HAITI POLICY

    Senator Dole and Senate Jesse Helms together have been holding up millions of dollars in aid that the U.S. promised to the government of Haiti to boost their economy and assist in a peaceful transition to democracy. Without this money, Haiti could see an exodus of economic refugees. The two Senators are insisting that the government of Haitian President Rene Preval investigate the killings of opponents of Jean Bertrand Aristide after he was re-instated by U.S. troops. The Clinton Administration considers Haiti one of its foreign policy successes and some critics believe election year politics are affecting Congressional action on Haiti.

  • IMMIGRATION AND POLITICAL ASYLUM: THE CASE OF FEMALE GENITAL MUTILATION. (FGM)

    This week, Congress is debating Immigration Reform legislation that would, among other things, limit political asylum. A highly publicized case this week is challenging U.S. policy: Fauziya Kasinga, a teenager from Togo, fled to the U.S. to escape forced marriage and female genital mutilation. She was held in INS detention since December 1994 and released on parole pending her appeal which is being heard this week. Hers is the third FGM case to challenge INS policy.

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