Leslie Cagan, Interim Chair of the Pacifica National Board.
The vast majority of Americans publicly supported World War II after Pearl Harbor was bombed, but while 16 millionAmericans served in the military during World War II, nearly 43,000 Americans refused to fight during WWII forreasons of conscience. We do not often hear the stories of these men who refused to fight "the good war", thebloodiest conflict in human history. Especially after the events of September 11th and the so-called war againstterrorism, there has been a renewed groundswell of gratitude for war veterans.
Today, on Martin Luther King’s birthday, we are joined by two World War II conscientious objectors and civil rightsactivists. Bill Sutherland joins us in our studio: he is co-author of the book ??Guns and Gandhi in Africa: PanAfrican Insights on Nonviolence Armed Struggle and Liberation in Africa. He is a lifelong African liberationactivist who splits his time between Tanzania and the US. George Houser is also with us, he is the founder of theAmerican Committee on Africa, now called Africa Action, and the longtime executive secretary of the Congress ofRacial Equality.
- George Houser, World War II conscientious objector and civil rights activist.
- Bill Sutherland, World War II conscientious objector and African liberation activist.
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