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Barbados Prime Minister Mia Mottley: 2 Degrees of Global Warming Is “Death Sentence” for Millions

StoryNovember 05, 2021
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Prime Minister of Barbados Mia Mottley addressed the audience at the U.N. climate summit in Glasgow this week. “We must act in the interests of all our people,” she said. “If we don’t, we will allow the path of greed and selfishness to sow the seeds of our common destruction.” She implored global leaders to “try harder” to keep global temperatures at 1.5 degrees Celsius, as anything above this would mean “a death sentence” for vulnerable island countries, including Barbados.

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This is a rush transcript. Copy may not be in its final form.

AMY GOODMAN: We end today’s show with Barbados Prime Minister Mia Mottley. She spoke at the opening ceremony on Monday.

PRIME MINISTER MIA MOTTLEY: The pandemic has taught us that national solutions to global problems do not work. We come to Glasgow with global ambition to save our people and to save our planet, but we now find three gaps.

On mitigation, climate pledges, or NDCs, without more, we will leave the world on a pathway to 2.7 degrees, and with more, we are still likely to get to 2 degrees. These commitments, made by some, are based on technologies yet to be developed. And this is, at best, reckless and, at worst, dangerous.

On finance, we are $20 billion short of the hundred billion. And this commitment, even then, might only be met in 2023.

On adaptation, adaptation finance remains only at 25%, not the 50-50 split that was promised nor needed, given the warming that is already taking place on this Earth. Climate finance to frontline small island developing states declined by 25% in 2019. Failure to provide the critical finance and that of loss and damage is measured, my friends, in lives and livelihoods in our communities. This is immoral, and it is unjust.

If Glasgow is to deliver on the promises of Paris, it must close these three gaps.

So I ask to you: What must we say to our people living on the frontline in the Caribbean, in Africa, in Latin America, in the Pacific, when both ambition and, regrettably, some of the needed faces at Glasgow are not present? What excuse should we give for the failure? In the words of that Caribbean icon Eddy Grant, “will they mourn us on the frontline?” When will we, as world leaders across the world, address the pressing issues that are truly causing our people angst and worry, whether it is climate or whether it is vaccines? Simply put, when will leaders lead?

Our people are watching, and our people are taking note. And are we really going to leave Scotland without the resolve and the ambition that is sorely needed to save lives and to save our planet? How many more voices and how many more pictures of people must we see on these screens without being able to move, or are we so blinded and hardened that we can no longer appreciate the cries of humanity?

I have been saying to Barbadians for many years that many hands make light work. Today, we need the correct mix of voices, ambition and action. Do some leaders in this world believe that they can survive and thrive on their own? Have they not learned from the pandemic? Can there be peace and prosperity if one-third of the world literally prospers and the other two-thirds of the world live under siege and face calamitous threats to our well-being?

What the world needs now, my friends, is that which is within the ambit of less than 200 persons who are willing and prepared to lead. Leaders must not fail those who elect them to lead.

And I say to you, there is a sword that can cut down this Gordian knot. And it has been wielded before. The central banks of the wealthiest countries engaged in $25 trillion of quantitative easing in the last 13 years. Twenty-five trillion. Of that, $9 trillion was in the last 18 months to fight the pandemic. Had we used that $25 trillion to purchase bonds to finance the energy transition, or the transition of how we eat or how we move ourselves in transport, we would now today be reaching that 1.5 degrees limit that is so vital to us. I say to you today in Glasgow that an annual increase in the SDRs of $500 billion a year for 20 years, put in a trust to finance the transition, is the real gap, Secretary-General, that we need to close, not the $50 billion being proposed for adaptation. And if $500 billion sounds big to you, guess what: It is just 2% of the $25 trillion. This is the sword we need to wield.

Our excitement one hour into this event is far less than it was six months ago, leading up to this event. Can we, with those voices, and these speeches from Sir David and others, find it within ourselves to get the resolve to bring Glasgow back on track, or do we leave today believing that it was a failure before it starts?

Our world, my friends, stands at a fork in the road, one no less significant than when the United Nations was formed in 1945. But then, the majority of our countries here did not exist. We exist now. The difference is, we want to exist a hundred years from now. And if our existence is to mean anything, then we must act in the interests of all of our people, who are depending on us. And if we don’t, we will allow the path of greed and selfishness to sow the seeds of our common destruction.

The leaders of today — not 2030, not 2050 — must make this choice. It is in our hands. And our people and our planet need it more than ever. We can work with who is ready to go, because the train is ready to leave. And those who are not yet ready, we need to continue to encircle and to remind them that their people — not our people, but their citizens — need them to get on board as soon as possible.

Code Red. Code Red to the G7 countries. Code Red. Code Red to the G20. Earth to COP — that’s what it said. Earth to COP. For those who have eyes to see, for those who have ears to listen, and for those who have a heart to feel, 1.5 is what we need to survive; 2 degrees, yes, S-G, is a death sentence for the people of Antigua and Barbuda, for the people of the Maldives, for the people of Dominica and Fiji, for the people of Kenya and Mozambique, and, yes, for the people of Samoa and Barbados. We do not want that dreaded death sentence, and we’ve come here today to say “try harder.” Try harder, because our people, the climate army, the world, the planet, needs our actions now, not next year, not in the next decade. Thank you.

AMY GOODMAN: That’s Barbados Prime Minister Mia Mottley addressing the U.N. climate summit opening ceremony on Monday in Glasgow, Scotland. To see the whole opening ceremony, we’ll link to it at Next week, we’ll continue to bring you Climate Countdown, our comprehensive coverage is what’s happening at the U.N. summit, as we have for every U.N. climate summit since Copenhagen in 2009, featuring voices inside the COP, climate activists protesting outside, and advocates from the Global South who couldn’t travel to Scotland during the pandemic. More than 100,000 people are expected to be in the streets of Glasgow on Saturday. We’ll air highlights on Monday. You can visit us at to see all of our coverage this week.

And that does it for our show. Happy birthday to John Hamilton! Democracy Now! has job openings at I’m Amy Goodman. Thanks so much for joining us. Stay safe.

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