- Ras Baraka
mayor of Newark, New Jersey, elected in May 2014. He is a native of Newark and represented the city’s South Ward from 2010 until his election as mayor. He is a longtime educator, credited with turning around Newark’s Central High School as principal from 2007 to 2014. His father, the late Amiri Baraka, was a global activist and noted poet.
When Ras Baraka was elected mayor of Newark, New Jersey, in May 2014, he entered office as the well-known son of noted global activist and poet Amiri Baraka, with similar radical politics. In his inaugural address, Baraka said, “We need … a mayor that puts his city first, a mayor that never forgets how he got here. We need a mayor that’s radical.” He calls for an “urban Marshall Plan” to invest in cities. “My family has been in Newark almost 100 years,” Baraka said. “There’s nothing been given to those folks—job training, job development, infrastructure redevelopment, roads, bridges, highways, hospitals, schools, putting people to work, giving people jobs and decent education. All that is necessary in a democracy and to move America forward.”
AMY GOODMAN: “Wailers” by Amiri Baraka, the father of the mayor of Newark, New Jersey, Ras Baraka, who is our guest today. I’m Amy Goodman, with Juan González. This is Democracy Now! Juan?
JUAN GONZÁLEZ: Well, last year, Ras Baraka was elected mayor of Newark. I want to go to an excerpt of his inaugural speech.
MAYOR RAS BARAKA: We need a mayor that will cause everyone to pay their fair share, that will find new revenue and new growth, a mayor that will take us past Brick City and help us embrace our future. We need a mayor that will harness the power of small business, our universities, the promise of our seaport and our airport, to benefit the hundreds and thousands of us, a mayor that puts his city first, a mayor that never forgets how he got here. Yeah, we need a mayor that’s radical.
JUAN GONZÁLEZ: Well, that was back in 2014. What has surprised you since you’ve been in office? What did you not expect, in the short time you’ve been in office so far?
MAYOR RAS BARAKA: Well, I don’t know if anything surprises me about—I think I’ve been ideologically and politically prepared for what to expect when I got in that place. I think, ultimately, the surprising—what can be most surprising is the idea that we have not discovered how to get exactly what we need in these cities, the problems that have existed and how intrinsic and systemic they are for the last 50, 60 years, and how people have accepted, you know, these kind of systemic problems. They figure poverty existed before you got there, it’s going to exist when you leave; inequality existed before you got there, it’s going to exist when you leave. There’s really no need to beat yourself up and try to fix these problems that, ultimately, can’t get you elected or unelected. So these are the things that surprised me, that there are people in positions of power and bureaucrats who believe these kinds of things, who have been there forever.
JUAN GONZÁLEZ: I wanted to ask you about your relationship with two key figures in New Jersey—the governor, Governor Christie, and also the senator, Cory Booker. Governor Christie, I think one of the first times he met you, called you a hostile person.
MAYOR RAS BARAKA: Yeah.
JUAN GONZÁLEZ: How has that gone since then?
MAYOR RAS BARAKA: Well, you know, Christie, I think, lives in his own mind. The reality is, the meeting we had was nothing close to hostile. I think that was to play out to his supporters, and which is what he does every day, every time he says something on the TV, on the radio. I mean, ultimately, I think that, you know, he’s completely, in my mind, out of touch with what needs to happen in these inner cities, in these urban centers in America. I think he completely has no idea what to do in these communities. As a matter of fact, I think the things that he has done has inhibited growth in these cities, for the most part. And our relationship has been a matter-of-fact kind of relationship. You know, when we need economic development, if I need something, he needs something, so it’s been really transactional and nothing other than that.
JUAN GONZÁLEZ: And Cory Booker?
MAYOR RAS BARAKA: Cory Booker has—we, you know, interestingly enough, have been working together since I became the mayor and he’s the U.S. senator. I mean, you know, some of our issues have definitely coalesced, around gun control, one of them, prison re-entry, criminal justice reform. So we’ve been working together around those specific things. I think the Senate was a better suit for him. He could fit that a little better. You know, so we have been working together around those specific issues.
AMY GOODMAN: Putting your city into some historical context, I want to go back to 2007 when we interviewed your father, Amiri Baraka, on the 40th anniversary of the 1967 uprising in Newark. He talked about the historical roots of what happened.
AMIRI BARAKA: You have to start with slavery, because those abuses have never been eradicated. You know, people are not living in slums because they voted to. You know, their children are not in jail because they wanted them to. You know, these are the results of a people who have been oppressed and suffer national oppression, you know. And so, in a city like Newark, which is the third oldest city in the United States, by the way, where all these kind of abuses sort of converge, you know, and the racism on top of that—I mean, one absurd example is, one time I was directing a play, and the police rushed into the loft and the man actually took the script out of my hand, you know, as if it was some kind of a volatile weapon, you know.
AMY GOODMAN: That was the great poet, Amiri Baraka. Newark is about to celebrate its 350th anniversary. You talked about changing the prison system. You talked about the problems of re-entry. Trillions of dollars is going into war right now, globally. What difference would it make if that money stayed home in a city like yours, one of the poorest in the country?
MAYOR RAS BARAKA: An immense difference. We’ve been talking the last couple of months about an urban Marshall Plan, about us in these cities not being really able to benefit even from the New Deal. You know, segregation and racism were at its height during the time of the New Deal, when people left the cities and they subsidized these corridors that put people in the suburbs and got them to work in the cities. And now you’re seeing a trend back to the cities. There’s been real neglect in these communities. There’s been neighborhoods that I’ve lived in and looked the same way for the last five decades, you know, buildings that have been hollowed out, vacant lots, I mean, have been destroyed.
Unless they put a bunch of money in and regentrified a neighborhood, then it changes, but nothing in terms of the people that have been there for decades, and their family, even, for centuries. My family has been in Newark almost a hundred years. I mean, so there’s nothing been given to those folks—job training, job development, infrastructure redevelopment, roads, bridges, highways, hospitals, schools, putting people to work, giving people jobs, giving people decent education. All that is necessary in a democracy and to move America forward. I think America will never be what they purport it to be until they begin to invest in its urban centers. And in order for them to be able to do that, they have to get rid of their racism, which disallows them from investing in these cities the way they ought to. If we had that money, there would be a lot that we could do in terms of poverty in these communities, in terms of violence and gun violence, which is really bred by poverty and isolation and anger and, you know, post-traumatic stress. All of that stuff can be dealt with if we had that money.
AMY GOODMAN: Well, Ras Baraka, we want to thank you very much for being with us, the mayor of Newark, New Jersey, elected in May 2014. The city about to celebrate its 350th anniversary.
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