Elsewhere in Minnesota, a trial began Monday for three activists who face felony charges for their civil disobedience action in 2016, when they manually turned off a pair of Enbridge tar sands pipelines. The so-called valve turners—Annette Klapstein and Emily Nesbitt Johnston, along with a support person, Benjamin Joldersma—are mounting a “necessity defense,” saying their civil disobedience was justified by the urgent need to stop climate change. But on Monday, a Minnesota district court judge ruled that expert witnesses, including 350.org founder Bill McKibben and former top NASA climate scientist James Hansen, will not be allowed to testify on their behalf.
Landmark Trial Begins for Activists Who Cut Oil Pipeline Flow
HeadlineOct 09, 2018