Former president of Pakistan and military chief Pervez Musharraf died Sunday at the age of 79. He died from a rare medical condition in Dubai, where he had been living in exile since 2016. Musharraf seized power in a 1999 coup and resigned in 2008. The end of his rule came following a tumultuous year in Pakistan, which saw the growth of militant groups and the assassination of prime minister and political foe Benazir Bhutto. Musharraf suspended the constitution and imposed emergency rule in 2007.
Musharraf was a key ally to the U.S. and President George W. Bush in his so-called war on terror following the September 11 attacks. In 1999, he planned an attack in the Kargil region of Indian-controlled Kashmir. Over 500 Indian soldiers were killed, as well as at least 400 Pakistani soldiers, though some estimates place the numbers much higher.