February 2009 report from Iraq.
Iran continues to hold three Americans who mistakenly
hiked across the border from Iraq last week. One of the three, Shane Bauer, is a freelance journalist who has written for The Nation magazine and the Pacific News Service. We re-air his February 2009 report on the US military allying with Sunni militias in Iraq. [includes rush transcript]
AMY GOODMAN: We go now to the three Americans who were captured in Iran. The fourth person in that group of the three Americans who have been detained by Iranian authorities after going for a hiking trip in the mountains of Iraqi Kurdistan says they entered Iran by accident and made, quote, “a simple and very regrettable mistake.” Shon Meckfessel, who had traveled with Shane Bauer, Sarah Shourd, and Josh Fattal from Damascus, Syria to Iraqi Kurdistan for a short vacation, was not with the other three when they disappeared.
In a statement published Thursday on The Nation magazine’s website, Meckfessel writes, quote, “While going there might seem strange to Americans, the Kurdish territory is actually very beautiful and quite safe.” He notes they had planned to go on a hike to a place with a waterfall called Ahmed Awa, which they did not know was near the Iranian border. The place was recommended to them by locals, was not marked by maps that they had.
Shon Meckfessel stayed behind at the hotel because he had a cold. His three friends left for the hike. After speaking with Shane Bauer on the morning of July 31st to meet up with them at Ahmed Awa, Meckfessel lost contact with the group. Two hours later, Shane Bauer called him to say they had been taken into custody and asked him to call the embassy.
Well, Shane Bauer is a freelance journalist, one of the three who was taken by the Iranian government. He’s written for The Nation, for Pacific News Service. And earlier this year, Democracy Now! aired his report that was co-produced by Shane Bauer and Jacquie Soohen of Big Noise Films on the US military allying with Sunni militias in Iraq. This is it.
SHANE BAUER: In 2006, the American military and Iraqi police could hardly enter Baghdad’s Dora neighborhood without being peppered with bullets. But in 2007, United States forged an alliance with its former enemies, offering money and military support in exchange for a promise to fight al-Qaeda. When we entered Dora this week, we found American soldiers laughing with these neighborhood militias.
In November 2008, the Americans handed these so-called Awakening councils, or Sahwas, to the Iraqi government. Prime Minister Nouri al-Maliki promised that 20 percent of the Sahwa forces would be brought into the army or police force, and the remaining would eventually be offered civilian jobs or a pension. But Sheikh Abu Suleiman, a Sahwa member decorated with American medallions in Dora, says he had higher hopes.
SHEIKH ABU SULEIMAN: [translated] The government told us, “We are going to pull all of you into the police and army, every last one of you, without exception.” Here in our area, they haven’t incorporated a single one of us up until now. There’s a huge difference between the privileges of the national police and what we have as the Sahwa. We work together to provide security, but we don’t get the same wage.
SHANE BAUER: The wages of Sahwa members are less than half those of the Iraqi national police. At a nearby checkpoint, a former Sahwa member complained that they couldn’t survive on the wages paid by the Iraqi government.
FMR. SAHWA MEMBER: [translated] I used to get my full wage from the coalition forces. Not one month was short. Since we’ve been transferred to the Iraqi government, I haven’t been paid. I didn’t join the Sahwa for money, but people need income. Our wage isn’t enough. It’s so small. My wage, which I’m not receiving, is normally 350,000 Iraqi dinar, and my rent is 200,000 dinar. The 150,000 left over isn’t enough for me to live on.
SHANE BAUER: Abu Suleiman says, without them, the neighborhood could descend back into chaos.
SHEIKH ABU SULEIMAN: [translated] If they don’t incorporate us, something is wrong. It will hurt everyone, frankly. First, Sahwa members will quit. The area will be without the Sahwa. Secondly, unemployment will rise, problems will return. I think the situation will become very detrimental.
SHANE BAUER: Some Dora residents say despite the heavy Sahwa presence, their neighborhood still isn’t safe. Away from our police and Sahwa escorts, one woman spoke to us on condition of anonymity. She fled the area in 2006, leaving a burned house and all of her belongings behind, after people she says belonged to al-Qaeda killed her husband and son. As people trickled back, she returned to her neighborhood, now under Sahwa control. Soon after, she began receiving death threats. She’s afraid the same people responsible for the safety of her neighborhood could be involved.
ANONYMOUS DORA RESIDENT: [translated] I don’t trust the Sahwa. They are cooperating with them. The terrorists themselves became Sahwa. They’re still killing and kidnapping.
SHANE BAUER: The success of the Sahwa strategy has been largely dependent on the ability of the US military and Iraqi government to guarantee a livelihood to former militants. Sahwa members are waiting to see whether the Shia-led government will live up to its promise to incorporate them into the armed forces. Some regular Iraqis are nervous and are wondering whether the Sahwa’s allegiances will extend farther than their paychecks.
Reporting from Baghdad, this is Shane Bauer and Jacquie Soohen for Democracy Now!
AMY GOODMAN: Freelance journalist Shane Bauer is among three, along with Sarah Shourd and Josh Fattal, who are being held by the Iranian government, their families desperate to get them out.